The fields of science and technology classification

1. Natural sciences

1.1 Mathematics

  • Pure mathematics, Applied mathematics; Statistics and probability;

1.2 Computer and information sciences

  • Computer sciences, information science and bioinformatics (hardware development to be 2.2, social aspects to be 5.8);, to

1.3 Physical science

  • Atomic, molecular and chemical physics (physics of atoms and molecules including collision, interaction with radiation; magnetic resonances; Mossbauer effect); Condensed matter physics (including formerly solid state physics superconductivity); Particles and fields physics; Nuclear physics; Fluids and plasma physics (including surface physics); Optics (including laser optics and quantum optics). Acoustics; Astronomy (including astrophysics, space science);

1.4 Chemical sciences

  • Organic chemistry; Inorganic and nuclear chemistry; Physical chemistry, Polymer science, Electrochemistry (dry cells, batteries, the cells, corrosion metals, electrolysis); Colloid chemistry; Analytical Chemistry;

1.5 Earth and related Environmental sciences

  • Geosciences, multidisciplinary; Mineralogy; Palaeontology; Geochemistry and geophysics; Physical geography; Geology; Volcanology; Environmental sciences (social aspects to be 5.7);
  • Meteorology and atmospheric sciences; climatic research;
  • Oceanography. Hydrology, Water resources;

1.6 Biological science, (medical to be 3, and agricultural to be 4)

  • Cell biology, Microbiology; Virology; Biochemistry and molecular biology; Biochemical research methods; Mycology; Biophysics;
  • Genetics and heredity (medical genetics to be3); reproductive biology (medical aspects to be 3); developmental biology; heredity reproductive biology ; developmental biology;
  • Plant sciences, botany;
  • Zoology. Ornithology. Entomology. Behavioural sciences biology;
  • Marine biology,freshwater biology, immunology; Ecology; Biodiversity conservation
  • Biology (theoretical, mathematical, thermal, cryobiology, biological rhythm), Evolutionary biology: other biological topics:

1.7 Other natural sciences

2. Engineering and technology

2.1 Civil engineering

  • Civil engineering; Architecture engineering; Construction engineering, Municipal and structural engineering; Transport engineering;

2.2 Electrical engineering, Electronic engineering, Informationengineering

  • Electrical and electronic engineering; Robotics and automatic control; Automation and control systems; Communication engineering and systems; telecommunications; Computer hardware and architecture;

2.3 Mechanical engineering

  • Mechanical engineering; Applied mechanics; Thermodynamics;
  • Aerospace engineering;
  • Nuclear related engineering; (nuclear physics to be 1.3);
  • Audio engineering, reliability analysis;

2.4 Chemical engineering

  • Chemical engineering (plants, products); Chemical process engineering;

2.5 Materials engineering

  • Materials engineering; Ceramics; Coating and films; Composites (including laminates, reinforced plastics, cements, combined natural and synthetic fiber fabrics; filled composites); Paper and wood; textiles; including synthetic dyes, colors, fibers; (nanoscale materials to be 2.10; biomaterials to be 2.9);

2.6 Medical engineering

  • Medical engineering; Medical laboratory technology (including laboratory samples analysis; diagnostic technologies); (Biomaterials to be 2.9 [physical characteristics of living material as related to medical implants, devices, sensors]);

2.7 Environmental engineering

  • Environmental and geological engineering, geotechnics; Petroleum engineering, (fuel, oils), Energy and fuels; Remote sensing; Mining and mineral processing; Marine engineering, sea vessels; Ocean engineering;

2.8 Environmental biotechnology

  • Environmental biotechnology. bioremediation, diagnostic biotechnologies (DNA chips and biosensing devices) in environmental management; environmental biotechnology related ethics;

2.9 Industrial biotechnology

  • Industrial biotechnology, bioprocessing technologies (industrial processes relying on biological agents to drive the process) biocatalysis, fermentation; byproducts (products that are manufactured using biological material as feedstock) biomaterials, bioplastics, bio fuels, bio-derived bulk and fine chemicals. bio-derived novel materials:

2.10 Nano-technology

  • Nano-materials [production and properties];
  • Nano-processes [applications on nano-scale); (biomaterials to be 2.9)

2.11 Other engineering and technologies

  • Food and beverages;
  • Other engineering and technologies

3. Medical and Health sciences

3.1 Basic medicine

  • Anatomy and morphology (plant science to be I.6); Human genetics; Immunology; Neurosciences (including psychophysiology); Pharmacology and pharmacy; Medicinal Chemistry; Toxicology; Physiology (including cytology), Pathology;

3.2 Clinical medicine

  • Andrology, Obstetrics and gynaecology; Paediatrics; Cardiac and Cardiovascular systems; Peripheral vascular disease; Hematology; Respiratory systems; Critical care medicine and Emergency medicine; Anaesthesiology; Orthopaedics; Surgery; Radiology, nuclear medicine and medical imaging; Transplantation; Dentistry, oral surgery and medicine; Dermatology and venereal diseases; Allergy; Itheurnatology; Endocrinology and metabolism (including diabetes, hormones); Castroemerology and Impatology; Urology and nephnology; Oncology; Ophthalmology; Otorhinolaryngology; Psychiatry; Clinical neurology; Geriatrics and gerontology; General and internal medicine; other clinical medicine subjects; Integrative and complementary medicine (alternative practice systems);

3.3 Health Sciences

  • Health care sciences and services (including hospital administration, health care financing); Health policy and services;
  • Nursing; Nutrition, Dietetics;
  • Public and environmental health; Tropical medicine; Parasitology; Infectious diseases; Epidemiology;
  • Occupational health, Sport and Fitness sciences;
  • Social biomedical sciences (includes family planning, sexual health, psycho-oncology, political and social effects of biomedical research); Medical ethics; Substance abuse

3.4 Medical biotechnology

  • Health-related biotechnology; Technologies involving the manipulation of cells, tissues, organs or the whole organism (assisted reproduction); Technologies involving identifying the functioning of DNA, proteins and enzymes and how they influence the onset of disease and maintenance of wellbeing (gene-based diagnostics and therapeutic interventions (pharmacogenomics, gene-based therapeutics); biomaterials (as related b medical implants, devices. sensors); medical biotechnolo0 related ethics;

3.5 Other medical sciences

  • Forensic science
  • Other medical sciences

4. Agricultural sciences

4.1 Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries

  • Agriculture; Forestry; Fishery ; Soil science; Horticulture, viticulture; Agronomy, plant breeding and plant protection; (Agricultural biotechnology to be 4.4)

4.2 Animal and Dairy science

  • Animal and dairy science (Animal biotechnology to be 4.4)Animal and dairy science
  • Husbandry; Pets;

4.3 Veterinary science

4.4 Agricultural biotechnology

  • Agricultural biotechnology and food biotechnology; GM technology (crops and livestock), livestock cloning, marker assisted selection, diagnostics (DNA chips and biosensing devices fro the early/accurate detection of diseases) biomass feedstock production technologies, biopharming; agricultural biotechnology related ethics;

4.5 Other agricultural sciences

5. Social sciences

5.1 Psychology

  • Psychology (including human - machine relations)
  • Psychology. special (including therapy for Feinting, speech, hearing, visual and other physical and mental disabilities);

5.2 Economies and Business

  • Economics, Econometrics; Industrial relationEconomics, Econometrics; Industrial relation
  • Business and Management;

5.3 Educational sciences

  • Education, general; including training, pedagogy, didactics;
  • Education, special (to gifted persons, those with learning disabilities);

5.4 Sociology

  • Sociology; Demography; Anthropology, Ethnology,
  • Social topics (Women's and gender studies; Social issues; Family studies, Social work)

5.5 Law

  • Law, criminology, penology:

5.6 Political science

  • Political science; public administration; organization theory;

5.7 Social and economic geography

  • Environmental sciences (social aspects); Cultural and Economic geography; Urban studies (Planning and development); Transport planning and social aspects of transport (transport engineering to be 2.11);

5.8 Media and communications

  • Journalism; Information science (social aspects); library science; media and socio-cultural communication;

5.9 Other social sciences

  • Social sciences interdisciplinary;
  • Other social sciences

6. Humanities

6.1 History and Archaeology

  • History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under respective headings); Archaeology;

6.2 Languages and Literature

  • General language studies; Specific languages; General literature studies; Literary theory; Specific literatures; Linguistics

6.3 Philosophy, Ethics and Religion

  • Philosophy, History and philosophy or science and technology;
  • Ethics (except ethics related to specific subfields); Theology; Religious studies,

6.4 Arts (arts, history of arts. performing arts, music)

  • Arts, Art history; Architectural design; Performing arts studies (Musicology, 'Theater science, Dramaturgy); Folklore studios;
  • Studies on Film, Radio and Television;

6.5 Other humanities