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Haya H Al Muhannadi
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What economics can contribute to the addiction sciences

Author(s): Caulkins, JP (Caulkins, Jonathan P.); Nicosia, N (Nicosia, Nancy)

Aims
The addiction sciences are intrinsically multi-disciplinary, and economics is among the disciplines that offer useful perspectives on the complex behaviors surrounding substance abuse. This paper summarizes contributions economics has made in the past and could make in the future towards understanding how illegal markets operate, how prices affect use, how use generates various consequences, and how policy shapes all three.
Methods
Review of literature, concentrating on illegal drugs as insights concerning markets are particularly salient, although we also mention relevant studies from the alcohol and tobacco fields.
Findings and Conclusions
Economics offers tools and topical expertise that usefully complement other disciplines associated traditionally with the addiction sciences. Its value goes far beyond the ability to monetize non-monetary outcomes or to calculate a cost-benefit ratio.

Author(s):  Caulkins, JP (Caulkins, Jonathan P.); Nicosia, N (Nicosia, Nancy)
Addresses:  [Caulkins, Jonathan P.] Carnegie Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, PA 15237 USA; [Nicosia, Nancy] RAND Drug Policy Res Ctr, Boston, MA USA
Source:  ADDICTION, 105 (7): 1156-1163 JUL 2010
DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.02915.x
Publisher:  WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Funding Agency:  This work was supported in part by the Qatar Foundation, a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health Investigator Award, and the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
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