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GENDER AND AGE-RELATED DIFFERENCES IN PATIENTS WITH THE METABOLIC SYNDROME IN A HIGHLY ENDOGAMOUS POPUL

Author(s):� Bener, A (Bener, Abdulbari); Mohammad, AG (Mohammad, Abdul-Ghani); Ismail, AN (Ismail, Asia N.); Zirie, M (Zirie, Mahmoud); Abdullatef, WK (Abdullatef, Waleed K.); Al-Hamaq, AOAA (Al-Hamaq, Abdulla O. A. A.)

The objective of the study was to examine the differences in gender and age prevalences of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among adult Qatari population according to the revised criteria of NCEP ATP III and IDF, assess which component contributed to the higher prevalence of the MetS and identify the characteristics of the subjects with MetS. The study was designed as a cross-sectional study. The survey was carried out in urban and semi-urban primary health care centers. The survey was conducted in the period from January 2007 to July 2008 among Qatari nationals above 20 years of age. Of the 1536 subjects who were approached to participate in the study, 1222 (79.6%) gave their consent. Face to face interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire followed by laboratory tests. MetS was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program - Third Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) as well as the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). The overall prevalence of MetS in studied subjects was 26.7% and 33.9% according to ATPIII and IDF (p<0.001) criteria respectively. The prevalence of MetS by both definitions peaked in the 30-39 years age group among males, and the 40-49 years age group among females. The greatest number of males with MetS were university educated; while the greatest number of females with MetS were either illiterate or had a primary school education. The prevalence of MetS was higher among females. Among the components of MetS, the prevalence of central obesity was significantly higher in studied subjects. The overall prevalence of MetS and its components according to IDF criteria was higher in studied subjects than the estimates given by the ATPIII criteria. Overall, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the State of Qatar is about 10-50% higher than in most developed countries, with generally higher prevalence rates for women. Preventive strategies will require identifying socio-demographic factors and addressing modifiable risk behaviours, including lack of physical activity, and dietary intake.

Author(s):� Bener, A (Bener, Abdulbari); Mohammad, AG (Mohammad, Abdul-Ghani); Ismail, AN (Ismail, Asia N.); Zirie, M (Zirie, Mahmoud); Abdullatef, WK (Abdullatef, Waleed K.); Al-Hamaq, AOAA (Al-Hamaq, Abdulla O. A. A.) 
Source:� BOSNIAN JOURNAL OF BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES, 10 (3): 210-217 AUG 2010 
Language:� English 
Document Type:� Article 
Author Keywords:� prevalence; gender; age; Metabolic Syndrome; Diabetes Mellitus; ATP III; IDF; Qatar 
KeyWords Plus:� INTERNATIONAL DIABETES FEDERATION; RISK-FACTORS; PROVISIONAL REPORT; PREVALENCE; MELLITUS; DEFINITION; ADULTS; CONSULTATION; DIAGNOSIS; DISEASE 
Addresses:� [Bener, Abdulbari; Ismail, Asia N.] Hamad Med Corp, Dept Med Stat & Epidemiol, Doha, State Of Qatar, Qatar; [Bener, Abdulbari; Ismail, Asia N.] Weill Cornell Med Coll, Dept Publ Hlth, Doha, State Of Qatar, Qatar; [Bener, Abdulbari] Univ Manchester, Dept Evidence Populat Hlth Unit, Sch Epidemiol & Hlth Sci, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England; [Mohammad, Abdul-Ghani] Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr San Antonio, Div Diabet, San Antonio, TX 78229 USA; [Zirie, Mahmoud] Hamad Med Corp, Dept Endocrinol, Hamad Gen Hosp, Doha, State Of Qatar, Qatar; [Abdullatef, Waleed K.] Hamad Med Corp, Dept Cardiol, Hamad Gen Hosp, Doha, State Of Qatar, Qatar; [Al-Hamaq, Abdulla O. A. A.] Qatar Diabet Assoc, Doha, State Of Qatar, Qatar; [Al-Hamaq, Abdulla O. A. A.] Qatar Fdn, Doha, State Of Qatar, Qatar 
Reprint Address:� Bener, A, Hamad Med Corp, Dept Med Stat & Epidemiol, Doha, State Of Qatar, Qatar. 
Funding Agency:� Diabetic Association - Qatar National Research Fund - Hamad Medical Corporation 
Publisher:� ASSOC BASIC MEDICAL SCI FEDERATION BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA SARAJEVO 
Publisher Address:� UNIV SARAJEVO, MEDICAL FAC, CEKALUSA, SARAJEVO 90, BOSNIA & HERCEG 
ISSN:� 1512-8601 
29-char Source Abbrev.:� BOSNIAN J BASIC MED SCI 
ISO Source Abbrev.:� Bosnian J. Basic Med. Sci 
Subject Category:� Medicine, Research & Experimental 
ISI Document Delivery No.:� 654IY


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